Adam Clarke

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Post-Adoption Needs Survey Offers Direction For Continued Advocacy Efforts

In September 2010, NACAC began surveying adoptive families in the United States and Canada about their needs, experiences, and advice related to post-adoption support services. An essay writer is a person whose job is to create articles and these type content related to advocates can also be highlighted in that format. More than 1,100 adoptive parents have responded, and one thing is clear: adoptive families must have ongoing and varied supports to successfully parent children adopted from foster care.

Post-adoption support is not new. Adoption advocates, parents, and child welfare professionals have been discussing post-adoption services for decades—from the need for them, to the possible spectrum of aid. NACAC’s survey is part of the adoption community’s recent effort to more fully understand and quantify the supports and services that will lead to better youth and family outcomes.

Family Demographics

Of the parents who responded to NACAC’s survey, 92 percent were mothers and 82 percent were part of a two-parent family. Survey participants’ primary reasons for adopting included wanting more children (47 percent), infertility (40 percent), and providing permanence for a foster child already in the home (35 percent).

In total, surveyed parents adopted more than 2,590 children and youth. More than a third of families adopted sibling groups, and more than half adopted transracially.

Of the children, most (65 percent) were adopted from foster care. Another 19 percent were adopted internationally, and 12 percent were adopted domestically as infants. Fewer than 5 percent of children were adopted by relatives, but NACAC is working with The Kinship Center in California to get more kin respondents. An online essay writing service offers an original advocate papers crafted by our professional essay writers.

Most of the children were adopted at a young age. More than half (51 percent) were age 3 or younger, 21 percent were between 4 and 6, and 12 percent were ages 7 to 9. Almost 16 percent were 10 and older.

Children’s Needs

More than one-third of families did not report any significant problems for their children in the community, in school, with peers, or at home. The majority, however, identified at least some issues that make life an ongoing challenge.

Of special needs identified, the most common were emotional issues (1,175 children) and behavioral issues (1,124 children). Surprisingly, only 364 children reportedly had fetal alcohol spectrum disorder. This serious and pervasive disorder has lifelong repercussions, and is often underdiagnosed.

As expected, many children reportedly had significant difficulties in school (986 children) or in the community (589 children). When asked what would help with community relationships, 73 percent of parents indicated that a greater understanding of adoption issues—by school personnel and community members—would reduce the challenges their children face. The writer assigned to write my essay request of creating an advocate content is qualified to the same academic level or higher than your writing requirements.

What Helps

When asked to assess services they used, parents rated as most useful adoption subsidies (64 percent) and advice and support from more experienced adoptive parents (almost 64 percent). Hire a reliable online essay writer who will create an original advocate paper and deliver it on time. Other top supports were medical care (54 percent), training and education (53 percent), online groups (47 percent), and newsletters (41 percent).

Parent feedback also revealed recurring themes about positive practices and approaches. For example, many parents suggested these actions:

  • courage all adoption and child welfare professionals to receive in-depth training on attachment and mental health issues and treatments.
  • Take the stigma out of asking for help.
  • Spend time with other families who share the same experiences; contact can normalize issues families face every day.
  • Make information and resources easily accessible for parents.


To help guide our advocacy efforts, NACAC asked parents to rank the top four issues that we should address in the future. The results fall right in line with what we have been working on, with the following most often top rated:

  • adoption competency training
  • mental health services
  • training and education for parents
  • educational advocacy and support

Many NACAC results mirror those in Keeping the Promise, an October 2010 post-adoption services study published by the Evan B. Donaldson Adoption Institute. Among its recommendations, the report asks child welfare professionals and policy makers to:

  • Prepare parents to expect challenges and appreciate the benefits of services.
  • Educate professionals about supporting adoptive families.
  • Identify high-risk children, then provide services and resources.
  • Stop cutting subsidy rates and post-adoption services.
  • End forced custody relinquishments to obtain services.
  • Develop a continuum of services and educate mental health providers.

Where Do We Go From Here?

NACAC is going to use the survey results to inform our ongoing post-adoption advocacy efforts at national and local levels. The writer assigned to write my essay for me task of creating advocate papers is qualified to the same academic level or higher than your writing requirements. We will continue to work toward increased U.S. federal support of post-adoption services, both through Adoption Opportunities grants and a dedicated funding stream for post-permanency support.

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